Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean (AALAC)

HIST 4.02; X-LIST: MES 2.02

Introduction to the History of the Islamic Middle East

This course is a survey of the histories and cultures of the Islamic Middle East, starting in the era before the advent of Islam in the 7th century until the eve of the 20th century. This class will begin with the regional and global contexts in which Islam emerged, examining the history of the Prophet Muhammad, the Qur'anic revelation, and the first community of believers. We will then look at the expansion of the "abode of Islam" over the course of several centuries, asking why so many people in so many different regions converted to Islam. We will also study philosophical, cultural, legal, political, and social trends in region now known as the Middle East and North Africa until the era of early European colonialism. Dist: INT, SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 4.03; X-LIST: MES 2.03

Introduction to the Modern Middle East and North Africa

The diverse nations and peoples that make up the Middle East and North Africa are of major significance in our contemporary world, at the same time that they are often misunderstood or given only superficial (albeit spectacular) popular attention. This lecture course is designed to give students a nuanced introductory overview of the modern histories of this region. Students will read a variety of primary and secondary materials designed to familiarize them with the historical, cultural, and social processes that have affected and transformed the region in question, and will learn to put these regional histories in a global framework. The course begins with a brief summary of the early modern Islamicate "Gunpowder" Empires—Mughal, Safavid/Qajar, Ottoman—and then moves through several topics of significance: the era of European colonialism; the establishment of the nation state; competing discourses of nationalism; the emergence of Third Worldist and anti-colonial movements; the Israeli- Palestinian conflict; debates over the politics of gender; the effects of the Cold War; the processes of decolonization and the establishment of post-colonial states; the rise of revolutionary Islamism; oil politics and policies; globalization and neoliberalism; 9/11, terrorism, and wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; the Arab uprisings of 2010-2011; and the region's uncertain present and future. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 5.01; X-LIST: AAAS 14

Pre-Colonial African History

This course will examine the social and economic history of Africa to 1800. Several interrelated themes of social organization, the expansion of trade, rise of new social classes, the emergence and disintegration of various states and European intervention will be discussed. Through our readings, we will visit every major historical region of Africa (north, east, central, west and south) at least once during the semester to illuminate the various themes. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives: AALAC, pre-1700, pre-1800.

HIST 5.03; X-LIST: ASCL 64.08

The History of China Since 1800

This survey course traces China's social, political, and cultural development from the relative peace and prosperity of the high Qing period, through the devastating wars and imperialist incursions of the nineteenth century, to the efforts, both vain and fruitful, to build an independent and powerful new nation. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 5.04; X-LIST: ASCL 10.02

Introduction to Korean Culture

This course provides an introduction to Korean culture and history, examining Korea's visual and textual expressions from the pre-modern age to the twentieth century. What are the origins of Korean national and cultural identities? How have Korean claims of cultural distinctiveness been manifested and modified over time? Tracing answers to these questions simultaneously helps us to consider how and why Korea has entered America's consciousness. As Korean matters to the US not simply as a fact but as a project, this course avoids portraying Korea through any generalized statements or uncritical categories. Rather, students are encouraged to explore and perspectives on Korea and thereby unravel their own prejudices and agendas. No prior acquaintance with the Korean language is required. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI.

Major distributives: AALAC, pre-1800.

HIST 5.05; X-LIST: ASCL 64.11

The Emergence of Modern Japan

A survey of Japanese history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. Topics to be covered include the building of a modern state and the growth of political opposition, industrialization and its social consequences, the rise and fall of the Japanese colonial empire, and the postwar economic 'miracle.' Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 5.06; X-LIST: LACS 10

PRE-COLUMBIAN AND COLONIAL AMERICA

This course will examine the pre-Columbian civilizations of the Andes and Mesoamerica, the causes and consequences of the Spanish and Portuguese Conquests, and the establishment of colonial societies and economies. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives: AALAC, pre-1700, pre-1800.

HIST 5.09

COLONIALISM, NATIONALISM, AND REVOLUTION IN SOUTHEAST ASIA

This course offers an overview of the political history of Southeast Asia from the early nineteenth century to the present. It examines the character of pre-colonial states, the development of European imperialism and the nature of colonial rule, the emergence of nationalism, the process of decolonization (with a focus on the Vietnamese Revolution), authoritarian and non-authoritarian regimes in post-colonial Southeast Asia, the mass killings in Cambodia and Indonesia, and movements for democracy in the Philippines, Indonesia and Burma (Myanmar). Open to all classes. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 5.11; X-LIST: ASCL 64.03

GANDHI: TWENTIETH CENTURY INDIA AND THE WORLD

This course explores the history of modern India through the figure of Mahatma Gandhi. After exploring early developments in Gandhi's life and his philosophy of non-violence, we will examine the role of Gandhi and of his image in major political developments in India. We will also take up many key issues relating to Gandhian thought, including Hindu-Muslim relations, caste, gender and sexuality, and social equality. Finally, we will discuss Gandhi's legacy in India and globally. Dist: SOC or INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 5.13; X-List: LACS 1.10

Modern Latin America

This course presents the histories of Latin American and Caribbean societies, peoples, and nations from the onset of the Haitian Revolution in 1791 to the present. By placing Haiti at the center of the Age of Revolutions, this course also locates the Caribbean region within the Latin American context. We will study the region's nation-building processes using an intersectional lens to explore how different people interpreted them through their own gendered, classed, and racialized identities. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean, modern.

HIST 41.02; X-LIST: AAAS 62.75, LACS 42.10

Race, Gender and Revolution in the Atlantic World

This course examines how the events and intellectual production of the Haitian Revolution and decolonization struggles in the Spanish Empire shook the Atlantic World and forced a reconsideration of political categories such as liberty, tyranny, citizenship, rights, and the relationship of race and gender to all of these concepts. The Enlightenment influenced Latin American and Caribbean revolutionaries, but these rebel intellectuals in turn challenged some of the Enlightenment's fundamental tenets, ushering in new polities with radical notions of citizenship and belonging. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 66; X-LIST: AAAS 15

History of Africa since 1800

This course explores some of the major historical processes unfolding in Africa since 1800. Our analysis will focus on social and economic history as we examine Africa's integration into the international economy during the nineteenth century, the rise of new social classes, and the creation of the colonial and post-colonial state. Our primary case studies will be drawn from east, west and southern Africa to highlight both the similarities and differences of their historical development. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Africa (AFR), modern.

HIST 67; X-LIST: AAAS 46

The History of Modern South Africa

After an initial overview of colonialism in Africa, this course will concentrate on Southern Africa, with special emphasis on the historical development, effects, and implications of the racial situation in the Republic of South Africa. Readings will be drawn from primary and secondary materials and from works of fiction. Illustrative films will be shown, and some opportunity offered to compare the history of race relations in South Africa with that in other African countries and in the United States. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Africa (AFR), modern.

HIST 69; X-LIST: AAAS 53 AND REL 74.17

Islam in Africa

This course aims to introduce students to the formation of Islam in the Maghrib, Saharan Africa, and Africa south of the desert. Assignments will address continuities with and differences from the practices of Muslims in other parts of the world while emphasizing the central role the religion has played in the unfolding of history in various parts of Africa. Topics covered will include conversion, popular religion and mysticism, cultural formations, and social organization. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI.

Class of 2023 and Before distributive: AALAC.
Class of 2024 and Beyond distributives: Africa, modern.

HIST 70; X-LIST: MES 19.04 and WGSS 24.02

Gender and The Modern Middle East and North Africa

In this course, we will study histories of the modern Middle East and North Africa and examine the ways that issues relating to gender and sexuality have affected the politics and social worlds of the region over the course of the past several centuries. This course begins with the medieval Islamicate Empires — Mughal, Safavid, and Ottoman — and then moves through the end of empire, the colonial era, the establishment of the nation state, and the emergence of modern cultural, political, and religious movements. In doing so, we will situate the histories and social worlds of the region in a global frame, asking how global political and economic transformations have affected the region. At the same time that we attend closely to these histories, we will also examine the ways in which the category of "woman" has been mobilized in popular and political discourses in the 18th-21th centuries, paying particular attention to how Muslim and Middle Eastern women have been represented in various political discourses, as well as how they have represented themselves. Through close readings of both primary sources (in translation) and secondary literature — including historiographical, theoretical, and literary texts as well as film and music— we will also tackle the questions, controversies, and stereotypes that have animated debates in both scholarly and popular literature on such topics as the veil, feminism, revolution, human rights, LGBT issues, masculinity, and war. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Middle East (ME), modern.

HIST 70.02; X-LIST: MES 12.13

Modern Iran

This course examines the history of Iran from the early modern to the contemporary period. We will start in the era of the Islamicate empires then move through European imperialism, the rise of modern nationalism, the Constitutional Revolution (1905-1911), the formation of Pahlavi state institutions, the 1953 coup, the 1979 revolutionary movement, the establishment of the Islamic Republic, the Iran-Iraq War, and more. Students will learn to think through Iranian history in domestic and global contexts. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Middle East (ME), modern.

HIST 71

Conflict and Violence in the Middle East

This course will explore the major episodes that have transformed the Middle East since World War I through the prisms of conflict and violence. Challenging the discourses that characterize Middle Eastern societies as essentially stagnant, authoritarian and violent, this course will look critically at the complexities and dynamism of the conflicts with respect to their origins, the actors involved, and the key historical and political factors that have shaped them. Dist: INT or SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Middle East (ME), modern.

HIST 72.01; X-LIST: ASCL 64.09

Late Imperial China in Global Context

China's history, from the 3rd century BCE to the twentieth century, examined in the context of global developments in demography, economy, urbanization, technology, trade, and the arts. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC, pre-1700/pre-1800.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Asia, premodern.

HIST 72.02

Nomad Rulers and the Origins of the Modern World

Between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, government by rulers of nomadic origin produced similar changes in China, the Middle East, and  Russia, and were later diffused by various means to Europe, South Asia and Southeast Asia. These changes included the promotion of vernacular languages, increasing influence of folk and dissident religions, and the rise of self-legitimating rulership. These influences later challenged cultural and political authorities across Eurasia, laying the foundation for the modern world. Dist: INT; WCult: CI.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC, pre-1700/pre-1800.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Asia, premodern.

HIST 74; X-LIST ASCL 64.13

Intellectual History of East Asia

A comparative exploration of Chinese and Japanese thought, from the formation of Confucianism in the Warring States period to the confrontation between traditional thought and the imported ideologies of the twentieth centuries. In writing assignments, students may concentrate upon either Chinese or Japanese topics. Dist: TMV; WCult: NW.

Major distributives: AALAC, pre-1700/pre-1800.

HIST 75; X-LIST: AAAS 50, ENVS 45, ASCL 54.07

Colonialism, Development, and the Environment in Africa and Asia

This course examines the environmental history of Africa and Asia, focusing on the period of European colonialism and its aftermath. Topics include deforestation and desertification under colonial rule; imperialism and conservation; the consequences of environmental change for rural Africans and Asians; irrigation, big dams and transformations in water landscapes; the development of national parks and their impact on wildlife and humans; the environmentalism of the poor; urbanization and pollution; and global climate change in Africa and Asia. Dist: INT or SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 76; X-List: ASCL 54.08

From Colonial India to Post-Independence South Asia

(formerly titled "From British India to Independent South Asia")

This course examines the history of modern South Asia (focusing on the nations of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) from the eighteenth century to the present.  Key themes include: the character of British colonialism and its impact on Indian society; cultural change and the "invention" of new religious and caste identities; the Indian middle class; the emergence of the Indian national movement under Mahatma Gandhi; Partition in 1947 and Partition violence; and post-independence South Asian politics and economy. Dist: INT or SOC; WCult:NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 77; X-LIST ASCL 80.08

Imperialism in Modern East Asia

An examination of Western and Japanese imperialism in East Asia from the Opium War to the Pacific War. Subjects to be treated include the imposition of unequal treaties, the "scramble for concessions" in China, the creation of Japan's formal and informal empires, and the rise and fall of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC, INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 78.01; X-LIST ASCL 64.04, REL 32.01

Christianity in Korea

This course examines Korean Christians' beliefs and practices, which have shaped and brought tensions to current socio-religious phenomena. Topics include the Korean origins of Christianity, the encounter between Catholicism and Neo-Confucianism in the eighteenth century, Protestant missionaries' role in medicine and education, the rise of nationalism and Christianity under Japanese colonialism, churches in North Korea, Pentecostalism under South Korea's rapid industrialization and democratization, Korean missionaries around the world, and Christian musicians and entertainers in Korea, as well as the interface between gender and Korean Christian culture. Dist: TMV; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 78.02; X-LIST: ASCL 64.03

North Korea, Origins and Transitions

This course explores the history of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) from a global perspective. Topics include the Japanese colonial legacies; liberation, division, and foreign occupation between 1945 and 1950; the meanings of the Korean War; comparing Kim Il-Sung's North Korean revolution with Park Chung-hee's state building in the South; the reality of "Self-Reliance"; social control and everyday life; and issues around human rights. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 78.03; X-LIST: ASCL 64.05

The Two Koreas, 1948-Present

This course explores the emergence of the two Koreas, from a global perspective. Beginning with the legacies of the Chos\u014Fn Dynasty, we will examine the impact of Japanese colonialism on the divergence of the two nation-states: the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). Analyzing scholarly writings and primary sources, the course will focus on the domestic and international processes through which the two regimes clashed and competed in the context of the Cold War. We will primarily focus on drastic differences manifested between the two countries' ideologies, cultures, and political economies, but also pay attention to unexpected parallels experienced by Koreans across the hostile division. Students will pursue a final research project, in consultation with the instructor, on a comparison of their choice related to the themes of this course. No prior knowledge of the Koreas or the Korean language is expected. Dist: SOC; WCult: CI.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 78.04; X-LIST: ASCL 64.14

Slaves and Rebels in Korea, 1392-1910

This course explores the history of Choson Korea (1392-1910) through the experiences of outcasts and commoners. By examining the desires and despair of peasants, slaves, rebels, entertainers, and religious minorities, thls course assesses the foundation of the state and the operation of society as manifested at the margins of society. How did the religious and intellectual heritage of Korea legitimize hereditary status, slave ownership, gender division, and regional discrimination? In what ways did ordinary people conform to or struggle against elite governing?  Does the longevity of the Chason dynasty testify to the successful control of the status system by those at the top? Or does the stability elucidate social mobility and dynamic interactions across the status divisions? Focusing on various status groups illuminates the mechanisms of domination, compliance, and resistance carried out at the micro level. The experiences of the underrepresented shed light on the transition to modern Korea and present the complicated process of constructing Korean identity over time. A background in Korean history is not required. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives: <1700, <1800, AALAC.

HIST 79; X-LIST ASCL 64.12

Postwar Japan: From Occupied Nation to Economic Superpower

This course examines the internal and external forces that have shaped Japan's government, economy, and society since 1945. Topics to be treated include American Occupation reforms, the conservative hegemony in politics, rapid economic growth and its costs, the mass middle-class society, and Japan's changing world role. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 80; X-List: LACS 50.13

The History of Capitalism in Latin America

This course will ask what five centuries of Latin American history can tell us about the origins and consequences of global capitalism. We will listen to capitalism's champions and critics, including state actors, the Church, non-governmental organizations, and organized social movements, and ask how the interplay between them has influenced economies, politics, and culture. Capitalist development and transformation involved elaborate cultural campaigns to win hearts, minds, and bodies to the project, and we will focus on how and why, for example, at its most extreme some people equated capitalism with sin while others found spiritual succor within its logics. Dist: SOC.

Major distributives: AALAC, pre-1800.

HIST 82

Popular Struggle, Political Change and U.S. Intervention in Central America

This course will explore the history of popular struggles, political change and U.S. intervention in Central America. The region’s rich and complex history has been marked both by repressive dictatorships and by struggles for national liberation, social justice and indigenous rights. We will look at the different factors that played a part in determining this history including commodity production, labor systems, U.S. foreign policy, race relations, liberation theology and revolution.

HIST 82.01; X-List: LACS 31

The Politics of Natural Disaster in Latin America

In September 2017 two massive hurricanes, Irma and María, swept the Caribbean. As a result, Barbuda was left uninhabitable, Puerto Rico's unofficial death toll was estimated in the thousands, and Dominica resembled a war zone. Hundreds of thousands were left without electricity and potable water in a region that was already suffering from stagnating economies and humanitarian crises. These natural events and their unnatural consequences laid bare the region's legacy of colonialism, underdevelopment, and failing infrastructures. Things will never go back to the way they were before. Yet, these events are hardly unique in the Caribbean and Latin American experience.

Latin America, and the Caribbean region within it, have not only been shaped by human development but also by natural events. Hurricanes and earthquakes—the two natural events this course focuses on—have transformed the region's landscape. This course seeks to answer the question of what can the history of natural disasters teach us about political structures, national projects, and social relations. Through interdisciplinary readings, students will use secondary and primary materials, including chronicles, art, and news reports to explore how natural events have shaped human societies. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 82.04; X-LIST: LACS 46.60

Transnational Utopias: Latin American Anarchisms

This course focuses on how anarchism developed in Latin America and the Caribbean at the turn of the twentieth century. It offers a brief historical and historiographical introduction to the idea of anarchism and its first adherents in the region. It also explores the materiality of anarchist transnational networks and the creation of working-class intellectual communities. The class ends by critically examining the legacies of anarchism in contemporary Latin America and the Caribbean. Dist: TMV; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributive (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), modern.

HIST 83; X-LIST: LACS 47

Twentieth-Century Latin America

This course seeks to address major issues in twentieth century Latin America through the history of three or four countries. Topics discussed will include development, imperialism, nationalism, revolution, state formation and violence. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 87; X-LIST: LACS 76

Culture and Identity in Modern Mexico

From the Porfiriato and the Revolution to the present, a survey of Mexican society and politics, with emphasis on the connections between economic developments, social justice, and political organization. Topics include fin de siècle modernization and the agrarian problem; causes and consequences of the Revolution of 1910; the making of the modern Mexican State; relations with the United States; industrialism and land reform; urbanization and migration; ethnicity, culture, and nationalism; neoliberalism and social inequality; the problems of political reform; and the zapatista rebellion in Chiapas. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 90.04; X-LIST: MES 2.01, JWST 44.01

The Making of the Modern Middle East

This panoramic course surveys major developments in Middle East history, politics, and society. Covering more than a two hundred year stretch, we will move across an expansive geography encompassing North Africa, the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and parts of Central Asia. Throughout this journey, particular attention will be paid to five important themes: imperialism, modernization, nationalism, Islam, and revolution. In the process of navigating these seminal topics, we will develop a more nuanced understanding of the modern Middle East and a greater p;appreciation for the insights offered by primary sources, from poems and national speeches to songs and motion-pictures, into the region's dynamic past. We will begin with a basic question – what and where is the Middle East? – prior to exploring the impact, importance, and mechanics of empires (Ottoman, French, British). Once elucidating this imperial backdrop, we will study sweeping reforms, struggles for independence, and the fashioning of nation-states, before examining a series of revolutionary moments, America's presence in the Middle East, and the "Arab Spring" and its aftermath. Whenever possible, we will strive to illuminate ordinary people, as opposed to only elite actors, who contributed to the making of the modern Middle East. Dist: SOC, INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Middle East (ME), modern.

HIST 90.09; X-LIST: ASCL 54.10

Global South Asia

Home to some of the world's richest people and biggest companies, South Asia has been the source of countless stories of success. Yet there's more to these stories than meets the eye. What makes South Asia important globally and what is the history behind South Asia's recent rise? Global South Asia answers these questions by looking at the ways the region has been connected to other parts of the world throughout history. Open to all classes. Dist: SOC, INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Asia, modern.

HIST 90.16; X-LIST: ASCL 64.15

Nationalism and Revolution in China, 1890-Present

This course examines the dynamics of China's revolutionary ideology in the context of the modern world through the lens of nationalism. By employing a range of discussions of China's nationalist discourse, we will encounter and construe the voices of various groups of people for whom the rhetoric and ideology of nationalism emerged as a question or dilemma, developed as a motivating force, and fermented as a problem. The course proceeds chronologically, beginning in the late nineteenth century and moving to the present. Each week's readings, including primary and secondary texts, also discuss particular aspects of nationalism and its connection to China's revolutionary agenda. Focusing on China and its Asian surroundings, this course will explore major historical themes, including reform versus revolution, intellectuals and society, center and locality, ethnicity and identity, violence and confrontation, foreign relations and national strategies, charisma and mass movements, and nation-building and propaganda. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Asia, modern.

HIST 92.01; X-LIST: AAAS 61 AND LACS 59

Caribbean History: 1898 to the Present

This course surveys the major issues that have shaped Caribbean society from the late 19th-century to the present, including: imperialism, urbanization, migration and globalization, struggles for national independence, the transition from plantation to tourism-based economies, and the global spread of Caribbean popular culture. Our readings and discussions will focus on the historical trajectories of Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and the Dominican Republic using historical scholarship, music, literature, film, and personal narratives. Dist: SOC, INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), modern.

HIST 92.02; X-LIST: AAAS 62 and LACS 54

Nationalism and Revolution in the Caribbean

The islands of the Caribbean have seen two revolutionary upheavals of the modern era—the Haitian Revolution and the Cuban Revolution and have produced a diverse cadre of anti-colonial activists and intellectuals. Beginning with the uprising of enslaved laborers in Saint Domingue in 1791, the course explores the history of nationalist movements in the Spanish-, English-, and French-speaking Caribbean. We will analyze and compare the ideological underpinnings of nationalist movements, discuss ways in which nationalist leaders have attempted to mobilize popular support, and consider why violent revolutionary struggles erupted in some Caribbean territories but not in others. Dist: SOC, INT; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), modern.

HIST 92.03; X-List: AAAS 60 and LACS 58

Slavery and Emancipation in Latin America and the Caribbean

For over 300 years, Africans were transport to Latin America and the Caribbean to work as enslaved laborers. This course will examine the history of African slavery in the region from the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade to the abolition of slavery in Brazil in 1888. For each class session, students will review primary source documents such as autobiographies, slave codes, plantation journals, visual images, and anti-slavery tracts as well as historical scholarship. Dist: INT or SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributives (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC, pre-1700/pre-1800.
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), premodern.

HIST 92.07; X-LIST: AAAS 61.05 AND LACS 39

Black Agrarian Democracy: Haitian History from Revolution to the Fall of the Duvalier Dictatorship

The course explores the historical struggle between democracy and authoritarianism in Haiti throughout its two hundred seventeen years of independence as a free black nation, which also makes the island one of the oldest sovereign countries in the Western Hemisphere. To understand the island's history, students are expected to read what historians and writers have written about Haiti; and to read the primary letters of frantic French planters, rebellious African slaves, egalitarian peasants, entreprenurial market women, conscientious revolutionaries, exuberant military generals, loquacious politicians, feared dictators, and dreaded militias through time. The course will, indeed, move through four important, though overlapping, historical moments. First, we begin with an examination of the 1791-1804 Haitian Revolution when enslaved Africans revolted against the French colonial planters to successfully abolish slavery and to achieve national independence. Second, we read through the formation of grassroots and institutional democratic traditions in the nineteenth century and how they were undone during the 1915-1934 US Occupation of Haiti, where US President Woodrow Wilson ordered the American military to invade Haiti and control the island for almost two decades. Third, we will explore how the undoing of democracy led to the rise of the François and Jean-Claude Duvalier dictatorship (1957-1971) and its dreaded militia called the tonton macout militia (often spelled in the following French orthography: tonton macoutes). Finally, we will conclude the class by looking at how and why the Haitian peasantry overthrew the dictatorship to replace it with the democratically elected President Jean-Bertrand Arisitide (1991). Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC
Major distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), modern.

HIST 96.01

Seminar: Colonialism and Culture in Asia and Africa

This course examines the ideologies and cultural practices associated with European colonialism and with opposition to European colonialism in Asia and Africa, focusing on the period of "high imperialism" between 1870 and 1930. After exploring the major forms of imperial ideology, the course then looks at various manifestations of colonial culture, including science and technology, medicine, anthropology, photography, art, sport and gender practices. Finally, the course treats bourgeois nationalism and the cultures/ideologies of anti-colonialism. Dist: SOC; WCult: NW.

Major distributive: AALAC.

HIST 96.07

Seminar: Topics in Modern Japanese History

The postwar U. S. occupation of Japan has generated intense scholarly interest and debate. The debate has centered on the effects of the American-directed reform program and the so-called "reverse course" in Occupation policy. Just how significant was the Occupation for the postwar development of Japan? Did it cause a sharp break in modern Japanese history? And to what extent did the United States remake Japan in its own image?

Major Distributive (Class of 2023 and Before): AALAC.
Major Distributives (Class of 2024 and Beyond): Asia, modern.

HIST 96.23

Seminar: West Africa and the Cold War

This advanced seminar deals with the history of West Africa and its relationships with global powers in the decades following WWII. This course will trace the socio- cultural, political, and economic struggles, aspirations, and livelihoods of West African nations, their leaders and citizens, as they negotiated global Cold War dynamics during the postwar-era through the contemporary period. We will also consider the legacies of the global Cold War in West Africa.

Class of 2023 and Before distributives: AALAC.
Class of 2024 and Beyond distributives: Africa (AFR), modern.