Europe (EUR)


Gender and European Society from Antiquity to the Reformation

This course examines the roles of women and men in Western Europe from Antiquity through the Reformation period. Emphasis will be placed on the intellectual and social structures that had a long-term effect on the concept and role of gender in European society. Topics included are biological and mythological foundations of gender concepts, attitudes toward the body and sex in pre-Christian and Christian culture, sin and ecclesiastical legislation on sex and marriage, family life and education, the individual and kinship, heresy and charismatic religion, and the impact of social-economic development on gender in professional life. We will discuss the textual and visual sources for our inquiry, as well as the changing contemporary views on gender roles in pre-industrial Europe.

HIST 43.1

European Intellectual and Cultural History, 400-1300

A course on the intellectual and cultural origins of European civilization, from the fall of Rome to the advent of the Renaissance. After a review of the Judeo-Christian, Greco-Roman, Celtic, and Germanic components of medieval culture, we will examine the rise of the Christian Church and its impact on values and behavior of Europeans during the middle ages. Of special interest will be the relationship between medieval thinkers and the society in which they lived, the role of ritual, ceremony, and magic, and the persistence of heresy. Along with the products of high culture associated with such intellectuals as Augustine, Peter Abelard, Hildegard of Bingen, and Thomas Aquinas, we will thus review the fundamental values of medieval society at large and explore ways in which popular and elite culture converged or contrasted.

HIST 43.02

European Intellectual and Cultural History, 1400-1800

This course will introduce students to major developments in European culture and thought from the 14th-18th centuries, paying particular attention to the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment. Substantial class time will be devoted to group discussion of primary texts with the aim of fostering each student's ability to analyze and contextualize works in the Western intellectual tradition. Key authors include Machiavelli, Erasmus, Calvin, Luther, Galileo, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau.

HIST 43.3

European Intellectual and Cultural History, 1800 to the present

This course will introduce students to major developments in European culture and thought from the 14th-18th centuries, paying particular attention to the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment.  Substantial class time will be devoted to group discussion of primary texts with the aim of fostering each student’s ability to analyze and contextualize works in the Western intellectual tradition.  Key authors include Machiavelli, Erasmus, Calvin, Luther, Galileo, Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau.


Medieval France, 400-1494

The course traces the medieval foundations of the French nation, from the Roman Era to the end of the fifteenth century, with emphasis on institutional, social, and cultural development. Topics include: the Merovingian origins of ‘France,’ the construction and impact of feudal relationships, the emergence of French vernacular culture, regional diversity within centralized rule, and the formation of a French national identity. In addition we will examine how French medieval history became a testing-ground for innovative research on the Middle Ages, and to what extent these views have changed our concept of medieval France in the last decades.


Early Modern Europe (1300-1650)

A study of Western Europe’s transition from medieval to modern times, tracing the impact of new forces on traditional structures. Among the topics covered are Italian culture and society in the 14th-15th centuries; the concept of the Renaissance; intellectual and religious themes of the Reformation; the emergence of the basic forms of the modern state; developments in warfare and international relations; the political and ideological polarization of Europe after Luther; the ‘general crisis’ of the mid-17th century.


Spain in the Golden Age

The course deals with the unification of Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella, its rise to world primacy in the sixteenth century, and its decline in the seventeenth. Among topics examined are the development of a system of imperial government, the impact on Spain of colonial empire, the problems of multicultural society within the Iberian peninsula, the struggle against heresy, and the political challenges of the great European powers.


The French Revolution and Napoleon

The course studies the French Revolution and its implications for Europe and the world. It considers the social, political and ideological causes of the Revolution in 1789 and then pays close attention to the successive stages of revolution from the experiment with constitutional monarchy to the radical republic and the Terror to Napoleon’s popular dictatorship. The revolutionary wars, the development of democratic and nationalist ideology and their spread beyond France and beyond Europe, and also beyond elite men to peasants, city workers, Blacks and women are important themes.


European Society in the Industrial Age

This course traces the transformation of Western European society through the industrial period from the mid-18th century to the mid-20th century. Focusing upon social class and gender, it examines how economic and social change intertwined to produce the world’s first industrial societies. Work, family, leisure and nationalism are topics of specific attention. Although the course deals primarily with the core societies of Western Europe—France, Germany and Great Britain—it provides the opportunity for student research in other areas such as Italy, Ireland, Spain and Eastern Europe.


Early Modern England, 1485-1780

This course explores the relationships among economic, social, cultural and political developments in England during the Tudor, Stuart, and Hanoverian periods. Topics for discussion include: family and gender; village and city life; religious reformation and the reformation of government; the Elizabethan renaissance; responses to poverty, crime, and nonconformity; the development of political parties; the British enlightenment; commercialization and consumerism; the interaction of 'plebeians' and 'patricians'; rebellions and civil wars; and radicalism, conservatism, and imperialism.


Modern Britain, 1780 to Present

This course explores the relationships among economic, social, cultural and political developments in Britain from the modern industrial revolution to Thatcherism and New Labour. Topics for discussion include: industrialization and its effects; Liberals, Conservatives, and Parliamentary politics; enduring Victorian attitudes about class, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, and race; the rise of Labour politics; suffragism; the Irish question; the impact of imperialism and world wars on British subjects; and responses to Britain’s postwar decline and post-colonial multiculturalism.


Modern Germany: 1870-1990

This course will explore the dramatic transformations that permeated German culture, politics, and society from 1870 to the end of the Cold War. We will discuss the diverse trends, visions and anxieties that shaped German life through the birth of the German state, industrialization and expansion, World War I, the creation of the Weimar Republic, the rise of Nazism, total War and genocide, and the country’s division between Communist dictatorship and Western democracy during the Cold War.


The Russian Revolutions and the New Regime

Following an introductory survey of the social and political problems confronting Imperial Russia, the course concentrates on the causes and processes underlying the Revolutions of 1905 and 1917, the development of Marxism-Leninism, and the eventual establishment and consolidation of the new Soviet Regime.


Twentieth-Century Russia

An examination of major developments and problems in twentieth century Russian history with particular attention to the consequences of the October Revolution, Leninism, civil war and its impact, politics and society during the New Economic Policy of the 1920s, the formation of the Stalinist system and its historical legacy, the Kruschev era, the Brezhnev years of “stagnation,” Gorbachev’s perestroika and the problems of transition to a law based on democratic and open market system of the Russian Federation, the successor state to the Soviet Union.


Scientific Revolutions and Modern Society

An introduction to major revolutions in Western science since 1700, focusing on changing definitions of science; on political and religious implications of scientific theories; and on the effect of national contexts on scientific practice. Topics include Newton and Newtonianism in the 18th century, the Darwinian Revolution, Einstein and the birth of modern physics, and science under ‘banners’ in revolutionary France, Nazi Germany, and Soviet Russia.


History of the Holocaust

(Identical to Jewish Studies 37.1)

The focus of this course will be on the history of the murder of European Jews and the destruction of European Judaism at the hands of the Nazis. After surveying the history of racism in European society from the 18th to 20th century, the course investigates, from perspectives of history, psychology, literature, philosophy, and religion, how bureaucracy could exterminate six million Jews.


The First World War

The First World War was fought in Europe for the most part but it involved belligerents from every continent and had global effects, many of which bedevil our world today. This course introduces you to the vast subject of what the British still call The Great War, its causes, combat, homefronts and far-reaching consequences as well as to some of the unresolved questions that continue to propel our research.

HIST 63.01

History of Recent Science and Technology

This course will consider selected case studies of scientific and technological work since 1960, using analytical tools from science studies, historical sociology, philosophy of science and gender studies. Participants will read classic books deploying these tools, and then will research and present their own case studies on topics such as the development of the personal computer, invention of the “abortion pill” RU-486, or disposal of high level nuclear waste.

HIST 63.02

Reading Artifacts: The Material Culture of Science

Emphasizing hands-on examination of artifacts in Dartmouth’s Collection of Historic Scientific Instruments, this class seeks to study history using 3-d rather than the usual 2-d textual sources. Topics include the rise of American science, science at Dartmouth, the role of experiment and demonstration in science, aesthetics and design of objects, and international trade in instruments.  Students will create and curate an exhibition of artifacts from Dartmouth’s Collection.  Open to all classes.


The Great War and the Transformation of Europe

The Great War and the Transformation of Europe explores how the First World War redefined warfare, destroyed empires, and profoundly altered the political, social, and cultural landscape of Europe. The course will analyze this crucial period in the development of Europe by examining political re-alignments, innovations in warfare, shifts in gender norms, developments in propaganda, and the birth of the Soviet Union and fascism.


Modern Europe: The Twentieth Century

An examination of major political, social, economic, and cultural developments in 20th-century Europe. Topics to be treated include the impact of the World Wars and Cold War, the Great Depression, the growth of totalitarianism, the recession, and integration of Europe. A subsidiary focus of the course will be the perspective taken on these developments by some major European thinkers.

HIST 95.1

Foreign Study Program: London in History

Through lectures, readings, discussions, and fieldwork this course explores aspects of London’s history from medieval to modern times. Using the city itself as a living laboratory for historical thinking, the course relates the development of London and its neighborhoods to the larger concentric histories of nation, region, empire, and world. Prerequisite: membership in the Foreign Study Program.

HIST 95.2

Foreign Study Program: History Study Abroad

Graded credit for this course is awarded to students who have successfully completed an approved course offered by the History faculty of University College London while a member of the Dartmouth Foreign Study Program in History. Selections for 2010 include: “The Remaking of the English Working Class, 1660-1785”; “Remembering Slavery: Britain, Colonial Slavery and Abolition”; “Marx and History”; “Making of a Multicultural City”; “Crime and Popular Disorder in Georgian England” and “Everyday Life in 20th Century European Dictatorships.”